Print
PDF
Jainism ReligionA Brief History on Jainism

The recorded history of Jainism dates back around 3500BC and is generally considered as one of the ancient religion in India. Historical evidence suggests that Jainism was known to the people of Indus Valley civilization. Excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro archaeological sites have revealed certain sacred symbols of the religion engraved on seals like the image of Lord Rishabha, Kayotsarga posture and swastika.

Scholars believe that Jainism existed even in the pre-Aryan times. The Rig-Veda, the Yajurveda and the Atharva Veda mention Jainism and its Tirthankars.  Even the religious books of Buddhists mention Jain religion as one of the ancient religions. Buddhists books mention Jain Tirthankars; in fact, before establishing Gautama Buddha followed Jains practice of penance.

The last of the Tirthankars was Lord Mahavir who attained Nirvana 470 years before the beginning of Vikrama Era. Lord Mahavir was the senior contemporary of Lord Buddha and he headed a large community of 36,000 nuns, 14,000 monks, 318,000 female lay votaries and 159,000 male lay votaries. These four layers of segregation constitute the four ‘tirtha’ of Jainism. After Lord Mahavir passed away, only two of the eleven principle disciples survived him.

Jainism has both kinds of monks – the Sacheleka (monks with clothes) and achelaka (monks without clothes). As with any other religion, the Jain literature is intense and deep in philosophical thoughts. The Jain literature was compiled by Srut-Kevlis and the Ganadharas, and their literature is also known as Agam literature. The Agam literature consists of 14 Purvas, 12 Ang-Pravishtha-Agams and Ang-bahya-Agams.

Add comment

Comments are moderated to eliminate blatant advertising. It's fine to disagree with content. We encourage discussion and debate on our forum (see top FORUM tab). Please keep all comments respectful and they will be posted. Spam will be deleted immediately and IP addresses will be blocked.


Security code
Refresh

We are not alone. There is something out there bigger than ourselves. Where will you go after you die? What do you believe and why do you believe it? What is the point of having a mind if you never change it? Here's a surprisingly unsurprising statistic: Everyone dies sooner or later; there is no escaping it and you will be dead for longer than you are alive. This suggests that eternity might be worth more than a passing thought.

Are you ready for the inevitable? There is no need to be fearful of that inevitable moment, so long as you are prepared and as long as you are not taking comfort in something that sounds nice but is really just positive but wishful thinking. Make your life journey count, consider your eternal destination. Just believing in a lie wont make it truth, no matter how much you want it or how appealing that lie is. It is better to know the truth than to live in the delusion of a lie. No one likes being deceived, but in a world of political correctness, acceptance and anything goes, it is easy to side-step the truth of reality. What REALLY is true?

Can we just make up our own truth and say "well that is true for you, but my truth is something else"? Surely we can't all be right, especially when there are so many contradictory beliefs and top world religions out there.


FREE eBook download

Written for those with an interest in spirituality and spiritual leaders, such as the Buddha and the Dalai Lama, Jesus The Man Who Came From God explains the life of Christ and his teachings. It provides a comparison with Islam, Judaism, and other world religions.